Known for its graceful natural frill, the African violet becomes a stunning addition to anybody’s indoor space. The flowering houseplant, with a botanical name of Saintpaulia, has a multitude of shades you can choose from.
From lavender to white, it matches your peaceful surroundings. The query is, is it hard to grow the elegant floral species? To answer that, learn more about these tips about African violet care.
Table of Contents
A. What Type of Soil Needed by the African Violet?
Preparing soil for the African violet plant is the early step you can’t miss out on. Overall, the soil should be absorbent and moist so that the nutrients can be fully absorbed by it.
Consider soil that’s comprised of coarse perlite, vermiculite, as well as peat moss.
Divide the essential potting elements into some equal parts and combine them well. What about the pick of the pot? Get the small-sized one instead, like the size of your palm for diameter.
The procedure of repotting is nothing but simple. Just loosen the soil in the old pot and remove the flowering plant in the fresh one. Once you embed it in the rounded container, you can add some African violet fertilizer.
Be sure to provide an adequate proportion of fertilizer. Too much food has a bad impact on the plant. Consequently, paying attention to the amount of fertilizer is, for sure, important.
B. How about the Watering?
Chiefly, the flowering plant, native to tropical eastern Africa, requires a moist condition. Despite so, the species is intolerable to the highly wet one.
Too much water leads to the growth of death-dealing pathogens such as crown rot, Pythium, and root rot.
Seriously, they can take the life of your beloved blossom. Another detriment could be denitrification, allowing the African violet not to get the nitrogen the plant requires.
Keep in mind that you need to water the plant in room temperature. What happens if the water is too chilly? Not only do the leaves become twisted but they are filled with unwanted spots, damaging the look of the exotic species.
The bad news is that those marks are hard to remove. When it comes to a technique of watering, ensure that you don’t apply the water immediately on the leaves regardless of the water temperature.
In addition to the care of African violets through the watering approach, don’t ever try to sprinkle soft water over it. Don’t you know that it’s able to mount up the number of saline contents?
A higher level of salinity can alter the pH level of the soil as well as its conductivity. This type of condition lets the African violet plant unable to infiltrate the nutrients. Water with a high content of chlorine also can reduce the productivity of it.
C. Think of Light Requirements
Light is another fundamental factor to consider when caring for African violets. It supports the physical state of the flower as well as its total performance.
Since the flower loves thriving in an indoor atmosphere, the light should be set in bright yet indirect.
Just like the rest of plants, the African violet requires light for getting food (namely photosynthesis). When it doesn’t get light from the sun, it will result in energy loss.
What will occur if the flowering plant doesn’t get sufficient sunlight? The worst case is nothing else, but how its leaves turn yellow and the blossoming process is no longer active.
You will find its stem leggy, looking that unhealthy. The matter doesn’t stop at the light drawback.
When the light exposure is plentiful, the clear symptom that the African violet goes through is the appearance of brown spots throughout the foliage and blossoms.
The African violet would show its best performance when it obtains plenty of indirect sunlight. It’s ok to get the direct sunlight as long as you place the pot in your garden early in the morning or late in the afternoon.
There is no way finer other than locating your lovely plants in the window to receive the most out of sunlight of the day. To control or filter the light out, you are free to install a sheer curtain.
D. The African Violet Needs 8 Hours of Darkness to Let It Bloom
Another handy tip on how to care for African violets is giving a chance for the plant to stay in the darkness for around eight hours per day. This one is vital to make the flowers bloom.
Here is the scientific reason; when the flowering species is about to mature, we mean it produces the blossom, it indeed requires a flowering hormone called florigen. Moreover, florigen itself can’t work as it’s supposed to in a bright place – so, be sure to rest it in the dimness.
E. Keeps Ensuring the Temperature and Air Quality
Arguably, growing African violets is not always that easy. It’s not just about how to properly water and gives right fertilizer to the plant, yet you have to understand that controlling the air quality and temperature is important.
The great temperature is letting the flower thrive well ranges from 70 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. Never let it drop or rise. The plant can easily suffer in an extreme condition even in a short period.
The following essential concern on how to grow African violets is making a good air circulation. This one is applicable when the surroundings are found to be damper. Ignoring the air quality maintenance surely has a bad impact on the plant.
The common case is nothing else but the rapid development of fungi and mildew. Besides, chemical fumes highly matter, affecting the health of the plant. Thus, keep it away from them.
To cut a long story short, there are a couple of considerations when it comes to the African violet care.
The range of care for African violets includes the choice of porous soil and fertilizer, adequate watering, placing the plant in a place with indirect sunlight, resting it in the darkness for the optimum blooming, and not to mention preserving temperature and air quality.