Gardening has never been the same as growing an arrowhead vine plant. If you love houseplant to decorate your home, this lovely climbing plant—that goes by the other names, namely nephthytis and/or syngonium—is great for rooms with dimmed light.
The arrowhead houseplant has been well known for over a century, and it remains loved for its beauty and convenience in growing as well as care. Find out how here.
Table of Contents
- A. What is Arrowhead Vine Plant?
- B. Varieties of Arrowhead Vine Plant
- C. What is it required in Arrowhead Plant Propagation?
- D. A-Z on Arrowhead Vine Plant Propagation
- E. The Key to Arrowhead Plant Care
- F. Are there any Problems in Syngonium Care and Growing?
A. What is Arrowhead Vine Plant?
Arrowhead vine—or also known as Nephthytis triphylla or Syngonium podophyllum—is a lovely climber from tropical and/or sub-tropical areas in the world, such as South America, such as Mexico and Bolivia.
The plant that came from Araceae family and comes in many varieties has also been naturalized in warmer areas in the US, like Texas, Florida, and Hawaii.
The shape of the plant’s leaves changes as they reach maturity—turning from arrow-shaped leaves to the lobed ones. In most areas in the US, arrowhead vine is grown as a houseplant.
B. Varieties of Arrowhead Vine Plant
When it comes to varieties, arrowhead vine is divided into over 30 species. Many breeders and gardeners do much variegation to the arrowhead plant they grow.
Young leaves are generally arrow-shaped while the mature ones can grow into 30.48cm long and have more than five lobes. Below are several varieties of variegated arrowhead vine.
1. Exotic Allusion Nephthytis
This variety of arrowhead vine displays the beauty of light green foliage brightened up with creamy white.
2. Berry Allusion Nephthytis
This variety gives you convenience in growing it and only needs a little light. The color of the leaves that is green with some shade of creamy pink optimally beautifies the climber.
3. Holly Nephthytis
This variegated Syngonium podophyllum is a stunning variety that has white foliage with slight green veins and tips.
4. Pink Allusion Nephthytis
This colorful variety displays foliage flushed with light green, outlined with dark green, and accentuated with pink on the veins.
5. White Butterfly Arrowhead Vine
This popular variegated arrowhead plant is colored up with greenish white on its foliage with dark green ends.
6. Strawberry Cream Arrowhead Vine
This pretty vine has pink new grown leaves that are one of a kind. The color of the leaves will appear very attractive under brighter light.
7. Red Aglaonema
Beautify your arrowhead plant with the lovely red aglaonema leaves.
If your arrowhead plant is grown as a vine, it will be a colorful match with climbing pothos.
C. What is it required in Arrowhead Plant Propagation?
Before you propagate and grow your arrowhead vine, do not forget to set up the following growing circumstance:
- Place your plant in the area where it can get enough sunlight but not direct. The variegated types of arrowhead plant can survive direct sunlight even though the green ones can only handle moderate sunlight.
- Humidity is a must! So, keep spraying with water to stabilize the humidity of the surrounding. If you live in a four-seasoned country, you have to keep the soil damp during summer and spring while reducing the water supply throughout the winter. Also, keep in mind that the plant should never dry out.
- Not only that your arrowhead vine should always be in the humid and warm surrounding, but it is also important to watch the temperature. Keep it around 60-75°F (15.55–23.89°C).
- Choose fertile and well-drained soil to plant your arrowhead vine in.
- For optimal arrowhead plant propagation, treat your soil with liquid fertilizer during the growing season.
D. A-Z on Arrowhead Vine Plant Propagation
Before doing arrowhead plant propagation, you should prepare a ready-plant Syngonium root. If necessary, you may attach the root with a section of stem to propagate your arrowhead vine optimally.
First thing first, you can start it with wearing a pair of gloves. You are suggested to wear gloves when taking care of the leaves of your arrowhead plant since they are the most valuable part of the decorative plant.
Then, to propagate your plan, the root can be divided into halves. Also, at least once in two years—especially in the spring, you should report your plant.
You can also consider the easiest way in arrowhead plant propagation, i.e., with using the cuttings of stem tip that you can do throughout the year. There is another easy way: arrowhead plant leaf cutting which can easily root in the water.
However, that will make the roots more vulnerable compared to the way in which the leaf cutting is rooted in the soil. So, handle the plant with care when propagating.
E. The Key to Arrowhead Plant Care
When it comes to arrowhead plant care, arrowhead vine needs to be placed in a spot with some shade, meaning there is low or moderate sunlight.
As a houseplant, as long as not exposed to the direct sun—especially in summer or dry season, most varieties of arrowhead plant can stand brighter light.
Please note that the arrowhead plant can get sunburn—the one that looks like a white-bleached spot—when exposed to too much direct sunlight.
The great thing about arrowhead plant care is you do not need fertilizers. However, if you still want to use a fertilizer, do it during spring, summer, or dry season. It is not necessary to fertilize your plant in winter or wet season.
Meanwhile, the watering of arrowhead plant should be done when the surface of soil begins to dry. This plant should be damp, not soaking wet.
Do the pruning or trimming anytime you want to with pinching off newly grown leaves. That will make your arrowhead plant bushy instead of turning to a climber.
Repotting relies on how big you wish your arrowhead vine grow since the plant is such a fast-growing one. On average, the larger plant should be repotted annually.
You may also change the type of pot your plant is growing in when the spring begins. Keep in mind that arrowhead plant is not to be eaten by humans or animals.
F. Are there any Problems in Syngonium Care and Growing?
Arrowhead vine is a species of climbing plant—also known as trailing plant or climber—that thrives with slight light and survives the wild. The higher the plant gets, the bigger and more mature the leaves will be.
No matter how strong and stunning it can be as already proven, the climber has to face challenges of pest such as mealy bugs, spider mites, and aphids.
Not only is the plant vulnerable to the pests, but it also suffers from bacteria and sunburn from direct sunlight as mentioned previously. So, you can use good syngonium care.
Therefore, go ahead growing a beautiful arrowhead vine to decorate every corner and room in your home.