Dendrobium Orchid is included on the list of most popular orchid varieties. Home gardeners also love this orchid plant because it is relatively easy to grow. Above all, the attractive flowers borne by Dendrobium Orchid will surely become the focal point of a garden or home that attracts everyone’s attention.
About Dendrobium Orchid
Dendrobium Orchid is a native plant of Southeast Asia and one of the largest orchid plant groups in the world. This type of orchid has the ability to grow in almost any place with the different land situation and climate condition. In its natural habitat, Dendrobium commonly grows on trees or branches due to its epiphytic feature.
Dendrobium is often used in floral arrangements for different occasions. White Dendrobium Orchids, for instance, is usually used to express sympathy or for decoration in a housewarming party. Another color type of orchid, such as purple Dendrobium Orchids, is a great gift to represent love and beauty.
Types of Dendrobium Orchid
Dendrobium Orchid has more than a thousand varieties in which some of them are hybrids. The varieties are classified according to numerous categories, such as Dendrobium Orchid colours, size, appearance, and requirements to grow or bloom. Among them all, there are two types of Dendrobium Orchid that are considered most popular, namely Dendrobium Nobile and Phalaenopsis Orchid.
Dendrodium Nobile is classified as hard-caned orchid with its tall bulbs and darker shade of leaves. It is an evergreen plant that usually drops its leaves after years of growing. Nobile is the best choice for a flower display because this variety can have 50 blooms on one single stem. There is even a hybrid variety of Nobile Orchid that can bloom at certain times, including at the end of the year when the holiday season comes.
Another popular type, Phalaenopsis Orchid or Dendrodium Bigibbum, has bright flowers that are packed densely on its stem. Unlike Nobile Orchid, this variety is identified as a soft-canned plant. Phalaenopsis Orchid belongs to deciduous plant groups, meaning that the plant loses its leaves during fall and winter, but will grow the new ones when the spring comes.
Ideal Conditions for Growing Dendrobium Orchid
Dendrobium Orchid needs bright light to thrive. Its flowers will not bloom if the plant does not receive enough light. Despite this fact, you are not supposed to place the orchid plant under direct sunlight. The ideal location for putting your Dendrobium Orchid plant may differ, depending on the type you grow. Nobile Orchid is best to be placed near the south-facing window at home, while Phalaenopsis prefers eastern windowsill.
The temperature requirements for both types of Dendrobium Orchids also have a slight difference. Nobile Orchid prefers a cool temperature between 4-10 degrees Celsius at night and below 30 degrees Celsius during the day. Meanwhile, the ideal temperature for growing Phalaenopsis Orchid is slightly warmer, falling between 10 to 30 degrees Celsius during daytime and nighttime.
Nevertheless, both of them will thrive better in a location with mid-range humidity. You also need to provide a good air circulation whenever you place the orchid plant. Let the breeze goes through the plant during the day by opening windows or ventilation system. Alternatively, you can keep an oscillating fan or humidifier nearby.
Growing Dendrobium Orchid in Pot
Dendrobium Orchid plants like to live in a little pot where the roots can gather around a tiny area. If the pot is too large, the roots will not be able to gather properly, causing them to decay sooner or later. For decorative purposes, you can plant the Dendrobium in a hanging basket. Alternatively, putting the small pot inside a larger one is also a good choice for creating a floral plant arrangement.
Moreover, the pot needs to be filled with specific mixture instead of regular soil. The ideal mixture for orchid planting medium should consist of coconut fiber, clay aggregate, and perlite (a type of amorphous volcanic glass).
Every year or two, the planting medium should be renewed while the orchid is moved into a new pot. Repotting is better to be done at the beginning of blooming season or after the first flower starts to appear. During the process, you also need to trim any damaged or rotten root using a sterile knife.
Dendrobium Orchid Care Guide
Like most types of orchid, Dendrobium Orchid care also includes proper watering and fertilizing. In addition, this variety needs extra care during its blooming season.
Different types of Dendrobium require different kinds of water. It is better to use lukewarm water on Nobile Orchid, while Phalaenopsis prefers tepid or cold water. The watering session should be done every morning, at least once a week. However, during colder months such as in fall and winter, you need to water the plant less frequently.
When it is in active growth, the plant should be fertilized regularly. The process can be done once a month or every two weeks, depending on the season. Note that you must never fertilize the orchid plant when it is dry if you don’t want to damage the root.
Additional Care when Blooming
In its blooming state, Dendrobium Orchid needs some extra care. The blooming season usually occurs for six or eight weeks. During that season, the water and nighttime temperature should be dropped slightly.
The orchid plant that loses its leaves after the blooming season is a common occurrence. When this happens, you should not cut the cane or stem off. Instead, leave it be because the cane usually blooms other leaves and flowers when all of its old ones are gone.
Some Problems with Dendrobium Orchid
The most common problem with Dendrobium Orchid is leaf and root rot. It can be caused by several reasons, but mostly because of fungi, overwatering, and poor attention. Check the root immediately when you find any wilted leaves that turn yellowish or brown. If the root shows some signs of decay, trim it as soon as possible. Repotting the plant and spray some fungicides are also helpful to deal with such a problem.
Now that you know the basic information about growing and taking care of Dendrobium Orchid, you can start planning to have one for your own garden or home. Remember to give good attention to this orchid plant, so it will reward you with beautiful flower sprays for decoration or floral arrangement.