Popularly known as Chinese cabbage, or pechay, bok choy is a non-heading variety of cabbage and turnip plants. On the other hand, it bears a bit similarity to either the popular western cabbage or the turnip; the stalk and leaves looks like to the celery.
Bok choy is a little bit complicated to grow and cultivate, with proper care and enough attention the whole thing will be easier. If you want to know how to grow bok choy, then you need to follow this guide.
Varieties of Bok Choy
The main disparity between the most ranges of Chinese cabbage is size or dimension. Smaller types are valued in China due to the softness, while the bigger and dark green type of bok choy is common to western countries. On the other hand, there are more than 20 selections of Chinese cabbage each with its specific features. Call with local cultivators to know which type of bok choy is ideal to your place.
When to Grow Bok Choy?
Bok choy strive well in the cool temperature of early fall and late spring, in temperatures of 50° F – 70° F. Temperate weather could cause this plant to bolt hastily, however little time is required from cultivating to harvest. For amazing results, plant seedlings or start transplanting after passing the frost day since frost as well as extended temperatures below 50° F could also cause untimely bolting.
Bok choy could also be planted first indoors four to six weeks before the end frost of winter or one to two months before the start of frost of the fall. The temperature of soil must be 50° F to 70° F for good germination that takes four to seven days.
The Best Place to Cultivate Box Choy
Sow Chinese cabbage tolerate sunlight, even if they could stand partial shade. A bit of shade might be ideal for summer crops, this could assist bolting. As a whole, sow bok choy in an area where it will get six to twelve hours of direct sun rays per day.
The Best Soil for Growing Bok Choy
This plant must be cultivated in fertile and well drained soil that has 6.0 to7.5 pH levels. Add lots of mature compost prior to planting.
Planting Bok Choy
This plant do best when seedling are directly planted into a well-tilled fertile garden bed. Transferring could lead to shock, resulting to bolting. Sow seedling ¼ to ½ inch deep one inch distant. Thin to six to twelve inches between small varieties and eighteen to thirty inches between bigger varieties.
When transplanting, set the plant out at these spacing after the risk of cold has passed. Make sure to harden the plant off to avoid the risk of transferring shock.
Watering and Caring Bok Choy
Bok choy requires ample water to thrive well and put off premature bolting. So keep the soil damp with regular, even watering, normally about one inch a week. Utilize heavy mulch as it will help with keeping seeds down. Bok choy will grow well when you use organic fertilizer rich in nitrogen.
Proper Harvesting Bok Choy
It is best cropped once it reaches twelve to eighteen inches tall. Make sure to crop it before the season becomes too warm.