Bottle gourd plant is considered the oldest grown crops. It has been utilized by people for more than 14,000 years. Bottle Gourd or also known as Dudi is a climbing or trailing with white color flowers that usually open at night and safe to eat when young. Once they are fully grown, the calabashes or fruits are decorative, hardwearing as well as weatherproof.
They could be made into hardwearing, light cooking, musical instruments any other stuffs. The same to pumpkins in growing, they need a sheltered, sunny location and a fairly fertile soil. Bottle Gourd needs lots of water. A thriving bottle gourd plant could climb to more than 12 feet, so they require ample of room and a firm support!
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Varieties and Plant Material for Bottle Gourd
In Western countries, this plant is grown as a decorative gourd, therefore attention is provided cultivars with stunning swollen or necked fruit shapes, instead of eating qualities and even if the entire cultivars are non-poisonous, some have an amazing taste than others.
While in Africa and Eastern countries, bottle gourd is a good food source. Skin color differs in full grown fruits from yellow to orange to pale creams, browns as well as mottled greens. There’s a limited variety of cultivars in the United Kingdom but seedlings offered as ‘Snake Gourd’ or ‘Calabash Gourd’ often became this plant.
Planting Bottle Gourd
Bottle gourd grow in almost any type of soil, but it grow well in damp retentive soil in warm dry season because the big leaf area turns out to be dehydrated fast in hot weather. The best site to grow bottle gourd is in full sun, protected from brawny winds. They have started to be started off indoors and transferred when all risk of cold is past.
Dudi perform very well in pergola or archway if it is adequately strong, or a stout scaffold made of posts with an ideal size of 5cm x 5cm/2 x 2in. Plant 2 seedlings to a 10cm -4in pot, in the ventilating cupboard. They require 18°C – 65°F to properly germinate however will emerge faster once the temperature is higher. Harden off the plant once 2 or 3 leaves emerged, because they quickly outgrow a ledge, and sow out if the temperature outdoor is warm.
If you decide to grow bottle gourd in a container, look for the biggest one. You also need to feed them weekly when the plant begins to flower, utilizing comfrey liquid.
Pests, weeds as well as diseases
Bottle gourd is easy to maintain, and free from any issues even if slugs are common on young plants. The full grown leaves have unique scent and being a bit furry that repels pest. This plant is likely to powdery mildew in moist summer conditions that has dry roots as well as warm moist air.
When mildew occurs, submerging the roots often with water as well as getting rid of the affected leaves really helps. In frosty wet climate the hairy leaves trap water and could build up a grey rot, so remove the infected leaves, and then thin down the shoots to provide the utmost air circulation in the plants.
Harvesting and Proper Storage for Bottle Gourd
Only harvest bottle gourd when young as well as tender, that about 15-18cm to 6-8in long, and stay picking to create new fruits. They can last for one to 10 days inside your fridge but are best consumed fresh.