Having no idea what to grow to make your tropical garden unbelievably striking? Why don’t you have a try on bamboos?
Not only are the hardy, evergreen perennials favored by many home gardeners but they can double as an ornament and a shade provider.
If you wish for their presence at the piece of your ground, be sure to savvy anything related to how to grow bamboo.
Table of Contents
A. What is Bamboo?
Generally speaking, bamboo is a type of flowering plant that, surprisingly, belongs to the family of grass. It has an upright hollow stem and vascular bundles. You may say that it’s a giant grass.
Bamboo plants are almost found across the globe. Despite so, the massive cultivation takes place in some areas such as Japan, China, as well as America (central and southern part).
There is a profusion of types of bamboo in the world. Clumping bamboo scattered in Asia (particularly the western part of China) has a distinctive feature.
Unlike other bamboos with a horizontal rhizome that is spreading, this variety goes with the u-shaped one relatively not invasive. Running bamboo requiring full sun has a horizontal rooting system. Other assortments cover dwarf bamboo and rare bamboo.
B. Where does Bamboo Grow?
Bamboo plants, as a matter of fact, inhabit an area that is relatively warm and temperate. In the tropical region, bamboos are prone to populate in a moist environment.
Although they are native to balmy places, a number of species occupy mountainous forest and highland mostly chillier. In Asia, bamboos thrive well in both eastern and southeastern part. In America, they flourish in the States and Mexico.
C. How to Plant Bamboo
In relation to growing bamboo, depending on the method; there are three versions – planting from cuttings in water, rhizomes, as well as culm cuttings.
Growing giant grass by cuttings in water needs special technique. Cut the woody pieces up to 10 inches long with an angle of 45 degrees then carefully dip the cuttings in the freshwater and leave it for a couple of weeks.
For the maximum outcome, you need to change the still water to avoid the water shortage. When the root has come out for about two inches, immediately move the small plant in a pot filled with loam and sand.
If you wish for planting bamboo with rhizomes, simply cut the shoots with buds into several small portions. We recommend you to get the clear one. The dark rhizome indicates bad quality.
Then place the rhizomes in a pot horizontally – remember to let the buds facing up. Cover the pot with soil and water it thoroughly. Finally, locate the container with a bamboo plant under direct sun. To keep the decaying away, don’t water it intensely.
The application of culm cuttings is relatively easy. For the execution, simply cut the culm of the plant of which age ranges from three to four years. Before dipping into the ground, be sure to let the section come with an internode and a node.
To keep the rotting matter away, it’s vital that you coat the first ridge of cutting with the wax. Afterward, place it in a plastic bag already smeared with rooting hormone and plant the cutting in a pot full of compost and mixture of sand and loam. Let the medium moist by watering it and locate the pot under the direct sun.
D. Growing Bamboo Indoors
Broadly speaking, bamboo plants are not supposed to live indoor as they require sun for the prime growing. However, particular varieties like Kimmei (a type of yellow bamboo with lush stripes) and Shirosima can adapt a space with less light.
The major problem faced by the plants is nothing else but the clamminess. To prevent this, the home owners can make use of a pebble tray full of rocks put under the container. The root rot also becomes another challenge. Hence, don’t water the bamboos too often.
E. How to Transplant Bamboo
If you are about to transplant a bamboo, the early step to perform is to cut down the plant with a chainsaw until you gain the root clump. Then, put it in the bucket full of water.
Lean the new bamboo stem against a standing object (a fence for instance) and dig the soil for the future bamboo’s home. After transferring it to the ground, cover the surface with the organic mulch.
F. How to Propagate Bamboo
Considering the timing is significant when it comes to propagating the bamboo plants. Early April when the spring begins is the best. For carrying out, start cutting the culm along with roots.
Another method of propagation is by rhizome cutting. After separating from the main stem, you can grow the piece in soil that is high in nutrient and organic material.
G. How Fast does Bamboo Grow?
At the bottom, how fast a bamboo tree grows literally depends on the variety (whether it belongs to runner or clumper) as well as the environment majorly affected by weather and climate.
Fargesia (from temperate clumper) for instance, this species grows with an average height of 1 to 3 feet per year. Meanwhile, the running type comes with the height of 3 to 5 feet per year.
When it comes to short runners, the growth seems to retard. It can only reach 2 feet in one year.
H. How to Care for Bamboo
The first consideration to take in bamboo plant care is watering. For the best plant development, make sure the depth of soaking soil is no longer than 12 inches and don’t do over-watering.
For fertilizing, you better make the best use of something organic, be it lawn fertilizer or the high-nitrogen one.
What about the threatening plant diseases? Yes, you need to be aware of their presence. The bamboo tree is vulnerable to get attack from some pests including aphids, scale, and mealy bugs. To remove them, you can use either summer oil or insecticidal spray.
In conclusion, when someone asks about how to grow bamboos, it is vital that the home gardeners don’t only mind the best way to planting bamboos but also how to give the great care and treatment to them.