Rich in nutrient and flavonoids, blueberries appear to be ace. According to research performed by some well-known scientists, the rounded-shape, waxy blue fruits have a notable trait to help to cure the Alzheimer’s disease. Not only are they highly beneficial for anybody’s health but the juicy berries (mainly the blueberry plants) are a bewitching addition to your calming garden.
Without question, it would be such a brilliant idea to plant the bushes, letting them crowd the piece of ground of yours. Dealing with how to grow blueberries, it’s vital that you mind various aspects from preparing the breeding to plant care.
The highbush, one of the top-quality blueberry varieties, is often bred by scores of gardeners and it is unfortunately vulnerable to birds’ threat. The details are decidedly described below!
Table of Contents
1. When to Plant Blueberries
When all is said and done, blueberries require a temperate environment. Ideally, the best time to grow blueberries includes either early spring or mid-fall. If you wish for growing blueberries in the breezy spring, ensure that the snow has melted.
The bushes actually can’t tolerate wintry surroundings. During this time, they can vegetate and make good progress in growth. But wait, rain frequently taking place in this season can also be a real retarder delaying the berries’ development.
The fall planting normally is carried out between late September and early October. The roots multiply well during this blueberry season as the temperature reaches warm. The zones with heavy frost need to mark their calendar and remember the frosting dates. Let the ground mulched and filled with manure when the weather has less precipitation. Again, the wet condition, as the outcome of unpredictable weather, could be something endangering.
2. How to Prune Blueberries
Earlier than producing the juicy fruits, blueberry plants often get a special treatment namely pruning. The key objective of doing this is to get the most out of yield. When the perennial flowering plants are still small, you can get rid of most of the blooms once appearing.
The intense pruning is required to perform every year especially when the bushes have grown big. Unless you do this, you will find them experience over-fruiting resulting in small-sized berries and even poor growth.
Pruning is arguably the essential consideration to think about when it comes to growing blueberries. However, this one is often brushed aside by countless home gardeners. It really is such a big mistake. The lack of pruning also affects the plant’s health.
The more often you cut short the overgrown branches, the healthier and more robust the bushes are. Once the dead wood is spotted, remove it immediately.
3. How Long do Blueberries Last?
With proper condition and location, blueberries are capable of surviving and producing delicious fruits for 40 up to 50 years. To allow them to last for the longer period of time, you are required to provide a site compatible with their needs.
Speaking of the medium for planting blueberries, make sure that the condition of the soil is well-drained. If it’s found to be waterlogged for around two days, don’t ever try to grow the bushes. The wet state will worsen the development of them.
In addition to the dry ground, another key element is the acidity level of the soil. Blueberries are best grown in the site with the pH of 5.0. What about if the garden soil of yours has acidity more than 5.0? The alternative would be planting in a container full of nutritious compost. For the planting scheme, place them in a row with the height level of soil from 3 to 12’’ as well as the width of 3’.
4. When to Fertilize Blueberries
The ideal time to fertilize blueberries is once at the beginning of spring and once in the late of the mild season. Whilst going for this step, don’t forget to water them regularly on a daily basis. In order to let them grow significantly, you may benefit the acidic fertilizer like azalea formulation and rhododendron.
If you wish for something organic, cottonseed meal and blood meal are absolutely the finest picks. It’s also great for fertilizing blueberries after pruning procedure. The healthy substance, for sure, supplies a great deal of nutrition.
5. Growing Blueberries in Containers
Having a limited space problem? Keep your concern away as there is a brilliant alternative – that’s planting blueberries with containers. To accommodate the small-sized bush, you need to provide with a container (made of clay is the best) with the diameter of 30cm.
When the flora has reached its ultimate growth, you can apply a larger pot. To keep the level of moisture, it is important that you layer the bottom of the container with polythene sheeting. Don’t forget to get a pot with drainage holes.
Another consideration is to apply a potting mix comprised of the combination of sandy soil, compost, and not to mention peat moss. This approach helps the plant gain the better growth. After filling the well-drained soil, you can put some mulches or decaying leaves on top of the soil.
As blueberry plants need sunshine, locate the container under the direct sun. The best blueberry varieties placed in the pots include pink lemonade, top hat, and pink champagne. If the fruits experience color-changing from green to dark blue, then you can harvest them.
6. Blueberry Plant Care
Is it easy to care blueberries? Yes, it is. In the period of developing, the moisture is nothing but essential. The same is true with the level of soil acidity. The regular maintenance – apart from the regular watering – is to add sulfur. Burning root often becomes a serious threat. That’s why you need to let the bush grow and wait for 4 to 6 weeks after planting step.
Afterward, you can apply the fertilizer. For fertilization, be sure to avoid the one that contains potassium chloride. If you wish for best fruit production, there is no way better you can do other than doing cross-pollination from 2 blueberry varieties.
To make a long story short, a couple of points in regard to how to grow blueberries, from selecting acidic soil to right pruning, should be in your main consideration.