India is a region full of beautiful culture, nature, and plant species. Indian flowers reflect the beauty and colors of their country.
From towering flower tree to colorful garden flowers, here are 20 Indian flowering plants you can grow in your garden.
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Temple magnolia is a Himalayan flower tree that can grow to 30 m tall. The white flowers look ordinary, but they emit strong fragrance. Indian people love having magnolia trees near houses or temples because of the fragrance.
Dahlias may be native flowers of Mexico, but they are common flowers in India. Rashtrapati Bhavan, the house of the president in India, is famous for the colorful dahlia garden. All varieties of dahlia have gorgeous colors, ranging from pink and purple to orange and red. They bloom in spring and cannot tolerate frost.
White Rain Lily
White rain lily adds cheerful notes to your garden with their small flowers. They bloom from summer to fall, ideal as small-scale garden cover or pot plants. They love slightly moist soil but don’t tolerate overwatering or frost.
Another popular Indian flower, marigold is commonly seen in offerings and temple decorations. However, they are also popular as garden plants, blooming from spring to fall. The round, noticeable blooms of marigold have bright colors, perfect for decorating a garden or indoor planter.
The exotic-looking tiger lily is a native to various Asian countries, including Japan and China. Their brightly-colored petals have dark markings that make them different. Tiger lily is hardier and less fussy than other lily varieties. They bloom in spring and summer.
Small Warty Acampe
Small warty acampe is a native orchid of the Himalayas, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. They don’t look as lush as the other popular orchids. However, their humble beauty, leathery leaves, and pleasant fragrance create a unique appearance. They are considered rare flowers because not many people cultivate them.
Flamboyant (Delonix regia) is a flowering tree with large orange or red flowers, which earn it the nickname “flame of the forest.” They love the sun and mild tropical climate, but can tolerate salt and drought. Most grow to 12 m high, but many gardeners cultivate them to reach more modest height (around 5 m).
Fragrant frangipanis are popular flowers of India, often seen on house and temple gardens or among offerings. These flowers release amazing perfume at night to attract moths. They prefer mild tropical climate or half-sheltered area, with well-drained soil and full sun. They flower anytime between December and April.
Flame of the Forest
Butea monosperma, commonly known as “flame of the forest” or “bastard teak,” is a flowering tree that can grow to 15 m high. Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore praised this flower in his works. This tree sheds its leaves first before growing bright orange flowers. The wood is used to make cutlery used in religious rituals.
Ascocenda “Princess Mikasa”
Ascocenda is a human-made orchid hybrid with several unique varieties, including the “Princess Mikasa.” This orchid has large blooms, with beautiful colors like purple and pink. They are ideal for hanging baskets, because their roots need the sun and good air circulation.
Ganges primrose is an evergreen perennial shrub that is ideal for ground covering. These plants are semi-hardy, with humble but pretty flowers. The colors are mostly white, cream, or pale purple. They bloom in spring and summer.
Fox Brush Orchids
The beautiful fox brush orchids have small blooms that form a hanging cluster. Their colors range from pink to purple, with white markings. The petals feel a little waxy, but they have an elegant shape and very fragrant. They mostly grow in lowlands of India, China, and New Guinea.
Jungle germanium is a very common flowering shrub plant in tropical Asia. The small flowers form large, bulbous clusters on top of its foliage. The colors range from pink and yellow to orange and red. Jungle germanium is hardy and attracting butterflies, thanks to its sweet nectar.
Brahma Kamal is a popular name for Saussurea obvallata, a native flower from Himalaya and India. This flower is mentioned in Hindu mythology and considered the state flower of Uttarakhan. The flower can grow among rocks, and bloom in July and August. The bloom is elegant, with soft colors such as pale pink, white, or yellow.
Ixora singapuri is a popular evergreen shrub in Asia. These plants are hardy, easy to grow, and have beautiful flower clusters with bright colors. The flowers look like stars up-close, giving them a unique appearance when in full bloom.
Oleander (Nerium oleander) is a beautiful flowering plant famous for its toxic parts. However, people still love it because of its beautiful flower clusters. The colors range from pale pink to yellow and red. They are ideal as windbreaker plants, and their toxicity makes them pest resistant.
Night Blooming Jasmine
One of the most popular Indian flower names, night blooming jasmine releases sweet, exotic perfume at night. Their flowers are small and grow in mini clusters. When the flowers fade, small berries appear and attract birds. They can be used as a border or privacy hedges because of the pillar-like growths.
Indian lotus is a sacred flower for Hindus and Buddhists, but it also offers elegant beauty to any ponds. They usually bloom during warmer seasons. Lotus flowers bloom in the morning, releasing a subtle but sweet fragrance from the water.
Also known as rose mallows, Hibiscus is a popular genus of the tropical flower with bright colors. The most famous garden Hibiscus is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, also known as “China roses.” The flowers have large, trumpet-like petals with long anthers. They are perennials, with nectar that attracts butterflies.
Despite the name, African marigold is the national flower of Gujarat. The flowers bloom as clusters of florets, with bright colors such as orange and yellow. African marigold is a source of fragrant aromatic oil.
Indian flowers are not just colorful, but also fragrant and eye-catching. Many of them are quite popular and easy to find. Make these flowers prized additions in your garden.