Gardeners who love bright colors in cold season can choose a pansy flower. These flowers have a wide range of colors, perfect for containers, low beddings, and squeezing plants.
Pansies are easy to plant, but they require special attention to grow strong in the colder season. Here is everything to know about growing pansies.
A. Types of Pansy Flower
There are several popular pansy varieties with specific colors. You can choose based on the color arrangement you want in the garden. The list of flowers includes:
1. Matrix Solar Flare
Matrix Solar Flare was cultivated to withstand warm temperature. It has crimson color with gold streaks that look eye-catching in a summer garden.
2. Delta Marina
Delta Marina is a blue pansy flower variety that has a striking color. It grows in spring and summer, with brilliant blue petals and dark markings in the middle.
Bingo is a variety that consists of various colors, from purple to red. The flowers have large petals and bloom early.
4. Chalon Supreme
Chalon Supreme is a variety with ruffled petal edges. It usually comes as a purple pansy flower with darker streaks.
Joker is a bicolor variety that comes in several series. The most brilliant variety is Jolly Joker, which has purple and orange petals on one flower.
For more color varieties, you can try planting Delta Rose Surprise. This variety offers several color combinations in a bunch. For example, you can get white with purple streaks or yellow with purple centers and red edges.
B. Requirements to Plant Pansy Flower
To have a successful planting result, make sure to understand these pansy flower facts:
1. Rich and moist soil
Pansy can withstand cold weather, but it still likes rich and moist soil. Your soil must be well-drained, regularly-watered, and treated with humus. Pansy also prefers soil with a pH between 6.0 and 6.2.
2. Enough spacing
Crowded planting can result in nutrition-deprivation, mold, and other problems. Plant pansies with 7—12 inches of space between each flower.
3. Partial shade
Despite being a spring and summer flower, pansy grows the best under partial shade. Excessive heat makes pansies flop and decayed.
Most pansies are annual or biennial, so don’t expect your flowers to bloom for a long time. Pansies are great if you want a short-term garden or container delight at home.
C. How to Grow Pansy from Seeds
Ideally, you should buy and plant pansies that still have unopened buds. Pansy seeds are quite difficult to germinate.
However, if you want to grow pansies from seeds, here are the steps to follow:
1. Germinate seeds
Fill seed germinating tray with rich, loose potting mixture. Press the seed onto the soil until it is covered. Cover the tray with dark plastic and keep in warm, dark place. Keep the soil moist and temperature in 700 F (210 C) for six to eight weeks days.
2. Plant seeds in the garden
Once the seeds sprout, plant them in partially-shaded soil. Make sure each seed has proper distance. Cover them with soil, but don’t pat too hard.
3. Water seeds
Water the seeds regularly to keep the soil moist. Don’t wait until the soil gets dry between watering. Avoid flooding the soil.
You can work the soil with humus while waiting for the seeds to germinate. Use all-purpose fertilizer to feed the pansies if necessary.
D. How to Care for Pansy Flowers
Pansy flower care is quite easy once the plant is established. This flower cannot handle dryness, so make sure the soil is moist (but not flooded).
Keep the plants in partial shade, because pansies tend to grow lanky when the temperature is too hot.
Since pansies are short-growing flowers, you must do everything you can to ensure healthy blooms. Deadheading is important to keep pansies grow longer. Shear the pansies back when they seed to encourage more vigorous blooms.
Feed the pansies with liquid fertilizer once a month. Avoid overfeeding since it can cause the plants to grow lanky.
E. Common Problems of Pansies
Slugs, aphids, and snails are common pests of pansies. You can get rid of them manually by picking them up. You can also set up a beer trap around the perimeter.
Another green alternative is to sprinkle eggshell splinters around the plants (for snails and slugs) or use horticulture soap/oil (for aphids).
Pansies are also prone to powdery mildew, which causes white spots on foliage and can kill the plants. To prevent it, make sure you plant pansies with adequate spaces between them.
Trim the foliage regularly, which is great to boost growth and reduce mildew risk. Water the pansies from below instead of above.
Pansies are also prone to mosaic virus, which causes mottled leaves and stunted growth. This virus can spread via aphids or weed. To prevent it, mulch the plant and pull the weed regularly. Make sure to remove the slightest sign of aphids.
F. Pansy Flower Meaning
Pansy flower meaning varies depending on the colors. Since they come in various colors, you can find one specific color to convey a greeting, feeling, or sentiment. Some of the most common meanings are:
1. Admiration or thoughtfulness
The general meaning of pansy is admiration (not necessarily romantic love). Pansy is also a symbol of free-thinking and thoughtfulness, because the flower name came from a French word that means “to think”.
The yellow pansy flower is associated with happiness, joy, and friendship. The same thing applies to orange flowers.
Passionate love is a common symbol for red and violet pansies. They can be gifts to someone you love or admire as the alternative of red roses.
Blue pansies are associated with trust. Blue pansy varieties are known for having “true blue” color, which has a calming effect.
Pansies are known as the “birthday flowers” for people born in February. You can give pansy bouquets to these people as birthday presents.
Bicolor or multicolor pansies are also great as housewarming gifts, since the diverse colors will brighten the house immediately.
Pansy flower is a great option to celebrate spring and summer. A perfect option to face colder days, the flowers’ bright colors will make your garden look joyful.
Pansy seeds are not easy to germinate, but once the plants are established, they will become welcoming sights in any gardens.