A house can look more beautiful inside with the right indoor plants. If you are interested, peperomia caperata is one to consider.
Also known as ivy-leaf peperomia or emerald ripple pepper, radiator plant, or emerald ripple peperomia, this houseplant can make a nice addition to your place.
How much should we know about this peperomia plant first?
A. About Peperomia Caperata
Peperomia flower has a natural habitat in the South America jungles. It is their epiphytic. Their leaves are dark green and heart-shaped. They can be as long as 4 centimeters (or 1.5 inches).
The leaves also have a corrugated surface, which makes the shade of green look even darker – almost black.
Peperomia has a leaf-stalk that is either red or pink. Throughout summer and autumn, white flower spikes with varied lengths. Although the flowers are not that colorful, they are still quite lovely.
They may remind you of arum lilies or anthuriums. They consist of small flowers, arranged along tinted red or brown arching stems.
Peperomia caperata cannot grow more than 25 cm high. As an indoor plant, peperomia is delightful and popular. It has been around for years. Not only it is easy to grow, but judging from its size, you do not need so much space for it.
You can also make these plants look even more beautiful. Just place them in colorful containers. You can even mix different shades and textures of peperomia. They will make a brilliant display at home?
How to grow peperomia at home? You need to know this.
B. How To Grow Peperomia Caperata
Here are the instructions on how to grow peperomia caperata:
- Put it in the medium or bright spot. This is also why colorful containers are suggested. The plant has a much better mood when it is put in an interesting pot, although it still tolerates low light.
- When it comes to peperomia caperata care, do not let the soil dry. Water it once you feel it dry just by touching it. The good things about this houseplant are its fleshy stems and leaves. They make this plant function like cactus that can keep enough water for a while.
- Peperomia caperata does not really need fertilizer. However, you can use one for indoor plants to make it grow faster. Just buy one and follow the instructions in the packaging.
- Peperomia caperata is not for consumption, so pruning it is not needed.
C. The Varieties of Peperomia Caperata
There are varieties of this ripple peperomia.You can check out some of them here:
1. Beetle peperomia/ Peperomia angulata/ Peperomia quadrangularis
This small houseplant has stems that creep. Their dark green leaves are shaded with lighter green stripes, which make them look more attractive. They are beautiful to look at the whole year round.
2. Belly button peperomia/Peperomia verticillata
This one has little dark green leaves that are held close to the stems.
3. Bibi peperomia/ Peperomia trinervula ‘Bibi’
This small houseplant has small, dark green leaves that are also lance-shaped. The leaves are along their creeping stems.
4. Columbian peperomia/Peperomia metallica var columbiana
What stands out about this small houseplant is its bronze-purple leaves. They have metallic-silver stripes.
5. Cupid peperomia/Peperomia scandens ‘Variegata’
This small houseplant has heart-shaped, light green leaves. They have a creamy gold edge. It can grow up to 40 inches and should not be overwatered or it will rot.
6. Golden gate peperomia/Peperomia obtusifolia ‘Golden Gate’
This houseplant has large green leaves with a creamy white edge. It is also easy to grow.
7. Isabella peperomia/ Peperomia hoffmanii
With tiny leaves and a tight habit, this small houseplant can be a great groundcover for other taller plants. You can keep it in a hanging basket.
8. Jelly peperomia/peperomia clusiifolia ‘Jelly’
This houseplant has large green leaves with cream and pink edges.
9. Peperomia japonica
Its leaves are cool-textured and this plant is great for terrariums’ varieties.
D. The Guides To Care for Peperomia Caperata
When it comes to these radiator plants, you have to be strict with certain guidelines. Although peperomia (whether it is peperomia caperata rosso or else) is an easy-to-grow houseplant, this is what you still need to do:
1. No direct sunlight, please
As mentioned earlier, this small houseplant needs just enough light. How much is enough? One thing for sure: no direct sunlight or it will wither and die. Fluorescent light above one is acceptable, as long as you do not leave it in the dark as well.
2. Do not fully treat them like cacti
Earlier, it is mentioned that peperomia has fleshy stems and leaves that can function the way cacti stems and leaves do. However, this does not mean you can also treat them fully the same way.
When you water these plants, do it thoroughly and then wait. Check the soil. If it dries out, then you can start watering again. Keep the amount in the right moderation: not too moist and not too dry.
3. They need more humidity in the environment
The good thing is, you may not need to work so hard at giving them this. With dainty leaves, cleaning them up can be quite an issue, although rather mild. Just mist them when it is warm to get rid of the dust.
Speaking of humidity, we also need to note down on the temperature. Peperomia caperata needs to be in an environment with a temperature from 15 – 21 C.
E. The Fertilizer and The Peperomia Propagation
Peperomia caperata does not really need fertilizer so much. Just feed this plant with an all-purpose fertilizer two times in a year.
Then, how about the peperomia propagation? When it comes to cuttings from peperomia, it is more successful if it is done between spring through the late summer.
If the peperomia plant is tall, do the stem cutting. Cut a piece of it with a leaf or two attached, for starters.
After that, put it into a cutting compost. Wait it out for 1 – 2 months. It usually grows well if the compost is kept moist and warm.