Belonging to the genus Paeonia, peonies refer to herbaceous or shrubby plants which produce showy flowers in various bright colors. This flower is usually planted in groups to create a romantic touch in the garden, lawn, or any landscape.
Because of its popularity as a garden plant, new varieties are always developed throughout the times. It results in numerous types of peonies which are cultivated in different parts of the world. Some of the most popular peony varieties are described in the following list.
America peony has been developed since the 1970s. Blooming between early spring and mid-summer, this flower features scarlet blooms and strong stems. Under the right growing condition, America peony plant can reach up to 42 inches tall.
Paeonia ‘Bartzella’ is a variety which blooms golden yellow peony flowers. This color is quite rare compared to red or pink peonies. Bartzella usually bears flowers in midseason while the plant can grow to the maximum height of 40 inches.
This red peony blooms outstandingly in the area with full sunlight. Despite this fact, blaze can be adaptable to mild and temperate weather. Because of its attractive red flower, blaze is often included in a floral arrangement.
Bowl of Beauty
Blooming in the early spring, Paeonia ‘Bowl of Beauty’ is known for its charming color combination. This flower has creamy, delicate center while surrounded by pink flower petals that look like a bowl. In well-drained soil, Bowl of Beauty can reach the maximum height of 26 inches.
Burning Bright or peach peonies produce pale pinkish petals with a bright yellow center. It was developed in the 1940s and has become one of the most common garden peonies. In its natural habitat, the plant of Burning Bright can grow into 34 inches tall.
Cora Louise is a hybrid type of peony which produces showy flowers as well as a pleasant smell. The flower of this variety is yellow in the center, while the petals have deep pink or lavender colors. During its blooming season from late spring to midsummer, Cora Louise can bear up to 50 flowers.
Coral charmis a variety of coral peonies which offers different color shades of flower, from orange to salmon-pink. This flower has been cultivated since the 1960s, but it still becomes a famous variety in the present time.
Felix Supreme peony colors usually come in dark pink, reddish, or crimson shades. This variety is known for having large double blooms, while the plant can grow up to two feet tall.
As the name suggests, the main characteristic of fern-leaf peony (Paeonia tenuifolia) is its ferny green foliage. This flowering plant also features double flowers in red colors. Even before the flower blooms, fern-leaf’s beautiful foliage is enough to catch everyone’s attention.
Developed in the 1850s, Festiva Maxima belongs to the classic types of peonies. It has large white flowers with a little shade of crimson. Although it is considered one of the oldest peony varieties, this flower is still popular until these days.
Having attractive color shades and pleasant scent, Karl Rosenfield peony is an heirloom variety that has been around since the early 1900s. The plant can reach up to 32 inches tall, while the flowers become one of the most common types for floral arrangements.
Kopper Kettle is also known as orange peonies because it blooms orange flowers with the shade of yellow streaks. The blooming season of this flower usually starts in the late spring. If you plant Kopper Kettle in the garden, it is advisable to surround it with a group of forget-me-nots or a cluster of olive plants. Such an arrangement will create a refreshing sense.
Coming from the peony bush, Krinkled White flower consists of a sunny yellow center surrounded by white petals. This flower has sturdy stems and prefers warmer temperature than most types of peonies.
This herbaceous peony has a light pleasant scent and soft double flowers which usually bloom in mid-to-late spring. The colors of the flower range from pinkish shade to lavender. Lady Orchid is a good addition to a spring garden, especially when it is planted in the flowerbed.
Mon Jules Elie
Mon Jules Elie is one of the oldest peony varieties in the world; it has been around since 1888. Nevertheless, this variety still has an everlasting beauty with its rose-pink petals and sweet, delicate fragrance.
Pink Parfait gets the name because it looks like a bowl of parfait or sorbet. This variety has soft petals with layered pink and creamy shades. The flowers generally bloom between midseason to the late spring.
This type of peony offers ivory-yellow colors in the semi-double flowers. In addition, Prairie Moon has a wonderful soft fragrant which makes it more noticeable than some other types of peonies.
Raspberry Sundae is a unique variety of peony which features small round clusters in the center of pale pink petals. At first glance, this flower looks like a cup of dessert with raspberry cuts.
In addition to its beautiful pink flowers, Sarah Bernhardt is complemented by a soft and sweet fragrance. This flower actually belongs to the old-fashioned heirloom from the 1900s. However, it is still included on the list of loveliest peonies for centuries.
Sequestered Sunshine is known for having a vigorous plant that can reach up to more than three feet tall. Moreover, this variety has dense foliage in dark green color as well as bright yellow flowers which usually bloom in late spring.
That concludes some popular types of peonies which are commonly grown around the world. In addition to twenty varieties above, several other types are still largely available to explore. However, regardless of their different types, colors, or shapes, we all can agree on one thing: the everlasting beauty of peony can serve as the point of attraction in any garden or landscape.