African continent produces some of the most popular and beautiful flowers in the world.
Many African flowers are popular in Europe, America, and Asia, thanks to their unique beauty. From the commonest flower to the most exotic ones, here are 20 African blooms that will add beauty to your garden.
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Commonly known as geraniums, pelargonium consists of large flower species with various colors and shapes. Most of them are evergreens, and popular as bedding flowers. You can plant them in the garden or indoor planter. They have bright colors and a mild, pleasant scent.
Nemesia is a half-hardy shrub genus that produces brilliant colors. Nemesia shrubs have colorful flowers that are similar to lobelia or orchid. They love mild summer temperature and cannot stand even the mildest frost. You can plant them in a mixed garden or hanging basket.
Plectranthus is a genus that consists of 350 species, which are spread from Africa to India and Indonesia. They love the warm temperature and have beautiful foliage. While some of them have pretty flowers, their foliage is the star in many gardens. Some plants have fuzzy foliage, others are wavy or toothy.
Agapanthus is one of the most popular South African flowers. Its lily-like shape earned this genus “lily of the Nile” or “African lily.” Many Agapanthus plants are perennial, blooming happily in summer. The leaves are long and strappy, circling pale blue, dark blue, violet, or purple flowers.
King protea (Protea cynaroides) is the national flower of South Africa, famous for its ability to survive a wildfire. The large “flowerhead” consists of small flowers, surrounded by short bracts. These bracts usually have pink and green colors. They have large, glossy leaves, and look great as dried or vase flowers.
The beautiful clivia flowers consist of bell-like blooms that congregate on top of a stalk. They are surrounded by long, strappy leaves. Hailing from Swaziland and South Africa, clivias love warm temperature, but still need regular watering. Their colors range from orange to pale yellow.
Crocosmia, commonly known as coppertips, is a flowering plant genus that attracts hummingbirds. Crocosmia has small flowers growing in small rows that form corms. Crocosmia emits a saffron-like smell. When in full bloom, they show off beautiful flower formations in red or orange.
The name “Bulbinella” reflects the bulbous shape of this herbaceous plant genus. They grow in clumps with bulbous yellow flowers and fleshy leaves. They are hardy, evergreen, and tolerant toward frost and heat. Bulbinella is often planted in rockeries or herbal garden.
African iris is an unassuming plant popular for planters or backyard garden. However, when you see it up close, the plant has beautiful white petals with violet and yellow markings. Each flower blooms only for a day, but since the plant grows in clumps, you will always see new flowers for about two weeks during summer.
Impala lily is probably one of the most interesting African succulent flowers. Impala lily flowers have star-like appearances; white with red edges. They perch on tall, rubbery barks that grow in a clump, straight from the ground. They grow easily and can handle drought.
African daisies are planted for both their flowers and foliage. The flowers are bright and cheerful, with colors ranging from orange to pink and red. The foliage is silvery gray, making them beautiful even when the flowers stop blooming. Some varieties have ombre flower colors.
African violet is one of the most popular names of flowers among home gardeners. Native to Kenya and Tanzania, these flowers grow in a cluster in the middle of crown-like foliage. The colors range from white to red and purple. African violets are a bit fussy, preferring warm temperature with slightly moist soil.
Calla lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica) is another popular African garden flower. These flowers are native to Lesotho, South Africa, and Swaziland. They are perfect as outdoor or indoor plants. Calla lily loves warm temperature and well-drained clay soil, but it is relatively free of serious disease.
Treasure flower (Gazania rigens) really lives up its name with its appearance. A relative to asters, treasure flower has daisy-like blooms with dark “ring” in the middle and bright petals. The colors range from orange to red. They are hardy, easy to grow, and presenting great view during spring and summer.
Hailing from South Africa, Arctotis is a daisy-like flowering plant genus that grows on rocks and dry lands. Modern varieties have colorful petals, such as orange, red, and even white with deep rose markings. They are great flowers to brighten your garden from late spring to the coming of the first frost.
Candelabra aloe (Aloe arborescens) is not your typical aloe. It has widespread, star-like foliage with toothy edges. When flowering, you will see tall, lance-like blooms with bright orange or yellow color. These aloes can be planted as natural garden protectors.
Glory lily (Gloriosa superba) sounds like a fantastic name, but the flowers have modest sizes. They have butterfly-like shapes with red and orange colors. They grow on climbing vines that cling to anything they touch. It can be invasive if you don’t control it.
Adenium obesum is a popular African plant with trumpet-like red flowers. This plant likes warm temperature, but it can handle a bit of cooler temperature. The trunk and bulbous roots can store water, making it drought-tolerant.
African tuliptree (Spathodea campanulata) is an ornamental flowering tree that can grow to 7 to 25 m high. The flowers look noticeable among the foliage, with their orange and red colors. The buds contain water and attract various birds. Native to Zambia, Angola, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive if not controlled.
Bird of paradise flower (Strelitzia reginae) is one of the most famous African flowers. The dramatic-looking flower has crown-like orange petals. They cannot handle frost, and best to be kept inside during winter. Bird of paradise is ideal as a pot plant.
African flowers are famous for their bright colors and hardiness. Plant these beautiful flowers in your garden and enjoy the visual feast.